School Refusal Support Services - SRSS
     for School Phobia, School Refusal & Anxiety In Children

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TOOLS TO RECOVERY :

 This section of the website is about tools that I devised for School Phobia & ideas taken from the credited book below.

They worked for 'US' through a method called Desensitization:

Please refer to  Csoti, M (2003). School Phobia, Panic Attacks and Anxiety in Children; ISBN 978-1843100911

Please read right to the bottom but also carry out your own research on the following and your own choice of subjects:

 

Recommended areas of reading are:

  • "Desensitization Techniques for Fear & Phobias"
  • Understand the difference between "Flooding & Desensitization Techniques" and the dangers of "Flooding" your child 
  • "Understanding Unhelpful Thinking Styles"


ESTABLISH WHAT YOU BOTH WANT : Parent & Child


Its a two way thing, a child must go to school and a parent must take their child to school to receive an education. "That's not true!" I hear you cry as there is always home education.  Home Education will allow both you and your child the respite from your daily ordeal and in most cases of School Phobia and extreme anxieties, children are too debilitated to make it out the front door.  This coupled with a lack of support for the family makes attending school impossible and you may now feel you are at the stage of no alternative.

"In our case it was watching the system damage our child, we could not sit and spectate any

longer - deciding instead to use our energies in supporting her at home - rather

than getting embroiled in fighting for the support necessary if she was to remain in school."

-Pete Sharan Harrhy (Parent)

There ares mixed beliefs about what is wrong or right for your child and the best that you can do is research all of the options, keep and open mind.  You may find that your child's psychologist will be able to advise you here. 

My own thoughts on home education is to see it as a temporary method until things calm or your child requests to return to school (There is evidence of this and one quote is used below from the many comments I receive).  The "possible" danger of keeping Home Schooling as a permanent re-source is that it "can" continue to maintain the child's social problems by maintaining isolation from any social interaction which is not ideal.  However, there is a ‘right’ time to re-intergrate your child back to school, preferably when stress, pressure and anxiety is lowered and your child can signal when they’re ready.  I also acknowledge here that each case is different and may be unsuitable for a return to school, thus finding permanent Home Schooling most appropriate.

 

"The turning point came towards summer of 2013 - he was getting very bored at home and finding the

days quite long. In addition his older brother who is in college was doing quite well and

he knew that if he didn't go back to school he couldn't go to college. We also had a

mentor coming in, someone he could confide in outside the family circle and

this has been a godsend. The best feeling was his first day back in school last

September and it went from strength to strength "

-Afric Bolger (Parent)

NB:Additional evidence to support the latter has also come from adults who have contacted me, making me aware that they suffered when they were children themselves.  They have explained they are still suffering and that matters only escalated as their condition was never addressed.  They experience an impact on life, work and of course relationships and continue in a life of avoidance as a strategy to cope.

 

  " I changed my daughters school to one that has the knowledge and the

passion to support her anxieties around attending school and many other things.

After changing her school she grew wings and flew !!! Once a complete refuser now has

100% attendance. Such a shame that school staff are not trained as well in all schools"

-Chrissy Hoey (Parent)

 

 

What is it you both want

Your child may say they want to go to school but knows that something deep within is stopping this from happening.... FEAR!  You know that the pressure is on you from the school or Local Authority to make sure your child is receiving an education so this means you and your child must work together to do so and the key thing is to learn and build TRUST.  

 

TRUST is a major factor here.  You will find that a person with a fear does not trust much like having trust in a person holding a spider you are terrified of..... Do you trust them 100% not to throw it on you?  Your child may have already have been subjected to force either physically or vocally.  You may have felt it necessary to even trick your child in order to find success in getting them into school.  I know we experienced these things.  Unfortunately, this breaches trust and you need to rebuild this so how do you and your child both build back that trust?  A Contract !!

 

THE CONTRACT

 

The idea of the 'contract' was to make a 'promise' and in turn build a level of trust.  My son needed to believe that past attempts of restraint by staff members at his school would not happen again and also their gestures for me to leave in the form of trickery would never happen again either. 

 

This here is one of the Contracts we used.  Putting the date, my promise, Andrew's promise, outlining the step your are taking and finally completing this with a signature and date to seal the promise.

 

The 'PROMISE' section is what you vow to stick to.  Andrew's was more about the step he was willing to take each week.  Individuals with phobias can be cured by extreme measures which is called "Flooding" so for example, someone with a fear of spiders - lock them in a glass box with a spider and tell them they cant come out until they've touch it.  Its  a way of forcing the situation.  Very extreme.  Or even leaving them in a room with more than one spider.  Quite frankly I would opt for the kinder method of desensitization which is to do it 'little by little'

 

With Andrew, we began by driving up to the school late one night.  No one could grab him, the school was locked up and in complete darkness and it was a chance to approach the school in complete lock-down, talk and get to grips with how he was feeling.  He felt physically ill.  It gave me a starting point to work with.  He was able to talk about what happens and where it happens so for example, a key psychological factor/trigger was hearing the bell ring.  There would also be other triggers such as auditory, visual & olfactory to  which Andrew would not have been able to share or be aware of which would have affected him too.

 

We went home and came up with our first Contract which was to simply enter the school reception with me for a matter of minutes, hear the bell and leave.  We then built on this.  As you can see to the left, we were doing pretty well with Andrew managing to put himself in the school yard line and with me heading to the Music Room and I left at break time.  We had come a very long way in 14months.  I had begun with building Andrew up with me at his side to then me moving away into other areas of the school, to then leaving the school 5 minutes before end of day, 10 minutes before end of day and so on.

 

 

Andrew was terrified following each of his steps, but how did I know anything was changing or getting better ?

I measured it of course!! 

 

The Fear Factor Rating Scale

The what I hear you cry ! ! !  Yes the FFRS.  This was how I knew that things were getting better.  During each step of Andrew's rehabilitation, I asked him to tell me how scared he was.  10 was the most scared he could possibly feel and 0 was nothing at all.  On the way into school I would turn and ask Andrew for his rating.  He would write it down.  We came home each night and I presented him with a chart and asked him to mark the chart where his number appeared. 

Look what happened....

 

 

 

As you can see, at the start of this particular step, Andrew was scoring a fear level of 5 (remember 10 is extreme fear and 0 is none).  The following day the fear falls to 2.5 and the following a ZERO. It is at this stage I knew he was ready for the next step.  How I approached this was to then show Andrew all of the scales he had drawn arrows on and signed and he was seeing his own hand writing and signature.  He wasn't being persuaded or pushed.  It was all his own evidence so he had to believe it.  It was very effective and his next step could be negotiated.

Please note that stages may take 5 days, 3 days or 2 weeks.  Its about being comfortable.

 

 ADDITIONAL TOOLS:

The Clock which assists with The Contract  (Above)

 

 

 Visual Aids

Does your child understand their battle?  Do they see what they have achieved or accomplished?  You could show them.  Tell them they're going on a mountain climb like a hero.  Think of something inventive to make them feel good and positive and mark it in stages or flags.  Break these said stages down to co-inside with their own stages.  Here's an example of the one I used. 

 

The stickers were silly but my Son was fine with them (thank goodness). 

 

The image is to give your child a visual analogy to help them understand their journey.

 

Andrew had many many many stages to his rehabilitation but we never thought about how to show what he had achieved, where he was at and how far he had to go. 

 

 

However, when I thought of the idea, I did it as a summary in brief and he was amazed and how well he had done.  A proud moment both for him and very much for me.

 

Ok so you've got this far and is anyone wondering who the juggler was I was talking about on The Contract?  I'm hoping this helps you as much as it helped motivate my Son and I'm hoping it helps you understand my theory as to why I believe you need to try your best to keep going, if you can.

 

REMEMBER The Juggler: our MOTO

 

 I told Andrew that a juggler isn't born Juggling.  He has to learn what to do.  When he first picks up that group of oranges or batons etc, he will make an attempt and drop most of what he is juggling to the floor.  He will make several attempts to juggle but things will go wrong and he will feel he has failed.

However, if the Juggler does a little something everyday to practice, he will soon get better and better and get it right.  If he chooses to run away from what goes wrong ......... well you know the rest.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 MY CHILD IS TOO DEBILITATED TO CONTINUE WITH TRYING TO GET TO SCHOOL. WHAT NOW?

 Home Schooling is your way forward as discussed above and 'where possible' (as each case differs) try not to allow it to become a permanent solution.  You may find that some professionals will support you with this whilst others do not, but this is your decision.  A Link to the UK Government Home Education page can be found under the LINKS section along with Tutor links too.

 

 MY CHILD IS EXPERIENCING AWFUL PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS YET NO ONE WILL HELP US!!

 

PSYCHOGENIC DISORDERS

I want to add something in here as I am find that this is a re-occurring issue that many parents are having their children investigated for their physical symptoms but then sent away told there's 'nothing wrong' and 'its anxiety'.  The problem here is that you have only half an explanation, feel you haven't been heard, re-visit another resource, you're still very worried and you'll only be told the same thing over and over.  Here's some extra information about why the physical symptoms occur as a result of anxiety, stress & distress.  I hope it helps you:

 

The correct term is PSYCHOGENIC DISORDERS OR PSYCHOGENIC DISEASE which basically relates to unwanted physical experiences caused by mental health issues such as anxiety, stress, distress etc.



Somatoform Pain Disorder:

     or Psychogenic Pain Disorder as other sites quote it to be called) speaks for itself and again, as said, the stress and anxiety in an individuals life brings on real experiences of pain.  However none of it is physical so therefore treatments of this nature tend to be unsuccessful as the cause is psychological.  Pain usually reduces once improvements are made to the individuals mental health well-being.  READ MORE HERE

Another such Psychogenic Disorder results in persistent Itching and is very common among the elderly. There's some basic information HERE :    but again its psychological and therefore creams, tablets and physical treatments tend to only respond shorts term; if that !!!

Psychogenic Disorders of this nature are very real and its an outlet when the 'stress tank' is over filling.  The experiences are very real however it is sometimes difficult to get the individual to recognise that the issues relate to psychological causes when they are in so much distress with their pain, itching etc and just wanting it to stop. I'm sure in cases like these,patients persist with their Doctors for help.  


With regards to School Refusal, it is not uncommon for children to 'claim' they are unwell because they're trying to avoid school.  However, when the child is experiencing a severe level of anxiety, this in itself will bring with it a checklist of real symptoms such as stomach churning, migraines, headaches, distress, crying, diarrhea, vomiting, reaching, sleep disturbance/loss, appetite change, self harm - this list isn't exhaustive.

Other Psychogenic Disorders include:

Coughs,Vertigo, Seizures (my son has this), Fatigue (my son has this), fainting, Involuntary movements, dyspnoea (shortness of breath) etc........

Another term used instead of the term Psychogenic is 'pseudo' = not genuine.  I hate the latter term as it implies "putting it on".   In my opinion, you are not in control until you have some help and learn about the disorder and from what I have witnessed with my sons seizures in the past, he most certainly had Zero control over them.

 

 WHAT PARENTS SAID WORKED :

HYPNOSIS:

 This has been copied & Pasted from a parent that talks on my Facebook Group Page.  I felt it important to share with you all.

"Well yesterday my 15yo Daughter had her first session of hypnosis. Must admit I was skeptical that it would help but we were both desperate enough to try anything. The counselor is a credentialed mental health nurse and it was obvious very early that she totally understood the condition and how debilitating it is. The hypnosis is all about addressing the sub conscious. She explained that DD's cognitive brain wanted desperately to do the right thing but her sub conscious had learned over a long period that the best way to avoid feeling anxiety was to stay home and not go to school. The pattern had become so ingrained that it was now an automatic response. DD came away feeling light as a feather. She hasn't been to school for 2 weeks and has only managed 1 - 2 days all term at best. This morning she woke up, said she felt fine - got out of bed without drama (I usually spent up to an hour coaxing her out from under the doona), got dressed and came skipping out to me saying "I feel normal"... dropped her at school and she got out of the car with a smile and said "see ya". Early days I know but I am rejoicing today"

 

 MEDICATION:

"Medication can be an answer.  It was something that we considered and agreed to for short term use.  During the initial stages of taking Sertraline, my son did acknowledge he felt a little better.  However he did talk about existing anxiety that never went away.  Its something that needs to be researched and possibly tried.  If it doesn't work then you can tick it off our list as "We tried"."